Cities from the ancient Peruvian aborigines. Some cities still prevail in some areas of Peru as an attraction for tourist but are mostly in ruins. Some people in Peru still practice the culture of the Incas.
Among these cities are Vilcabamba, Cota Coca, Corihuayrachina, Choquequirao, Vitcos and of course, the magical Machu Picchu. These cities were either raided and demolished by the Spaniards or abandoned by their population for unknown reasons. Some of them were known, but they were forgotten. Their location was forgotten, rather. There also are cities that were never found by the Spaniards... Never discovered until the modern age. The such city that we know is Machu Picchu.
The Incas built the best planned cities in the ancient Americas. The Incas laid out their cities in a grid. Each city had a central plaza. That plaza was surrounded by public buildings and temples. A palace was built for visiting Sapa Incas. There was housing for priests and nobles. Houses were even built for the common people.
Most Incan cities did not have walls around them. Instead, the Incas built large stone fortresses near or beside their cities. In times of danger, people could run inside the fortress for protection. The rest of the time, the fortress housed some of the military. The military checked everyone coming in or out of the cities. The cities were very safe.
The Incas build beautiful cities. They liked their buildings to match the surrounding landscape. They used well-cut stone. The Incas were master builders. Buildings were constructed to last, and to survive natural disasters like earthquakes. Doorways and window niches sloped inwards slightly at the top. Roofs were also slanted. Incan buildings are amazing structures.
The architecture was formal yet simple. The Incas loved things made of gold and silver. But they also liked things to be simple. The outside doors leading in to their homes were often highly decorated. Inside, they had simple paintings on the walls and solid gold decorations throughout their homes.